Improve System Hydraulic Performance with Accumulators

Blog | December 15th, 2022

Hydraulic accumulators are pressurised fluid-filled pressure containers that store and discharge energy. Potential energy is stored in compressed gas and released on demand to drive oil from the accumulator and into the circuit. Here are some major advantages that accumulators give, as well as how they improve hydraulic systems.

Storage Of Energy

The capacity of accumulators to retain energy is one of its most important tasks. The accumulator drains during periods of high demand and recharges during periods of low demand, especially in cyclic or changing activities. In plastic injection-moulding machines, for example, high pressure and clamping force are only required for a small portion of the manufacturing process.

During high demand, accumulators are frequently utilised to supplement pump flow. Without an accumulator, the pump and motor must be sized to accommodate peak power requirements—even if maximum power is only needed for a brief period. The system may be scaled for typical demand using an accumulator. As a result, a smaller pump may recharge the system during periods of low demand. It also implies a smaller motor and a system that uses less energy, creates less heat, and is less expensive.

Backup For Emergencies

Accumulators can keep a high-pressure charge virtually indefinitely and serve as a backup power source if a machine loses power or a pump malfunction. Properly sized units can supply the flow and pressure required to retract a cylinder, close a valve, open a mould, or transfer a machine to a safe position until power is restored or the fault is resolved. Accumulators can also protect the lubricating layer in important bearings that require a steady oil supply. If a lubricating pump fails, the accumulator keeps the machine running until the machine stops or a secondary pump resumes flow.

Reduced Vibration And Shock

Pumps, particularly piston and gear pumps, cause pressure pulsations in hydraulic circuits. Large pressure spikes in hydraulic systems are also very typical. Pressure spikes can be caused by the rapid deceleration of huge cylinders, hits from excavator buckets, and unexpected valve closing. Furthermore, hydraulic fluid easily transfers shocks and pulsations via hose and tubing, wreaking havoc on downstream components.

Installing a small accumulator near the pump’s output can absorb pulsations, reduce vibration, and offer smoother performance. Adding an accumulator to a machine’s return line helps reduce shocks and soften the impacts of a “water” hammer, preventing damage to delicate components. Reduced system shocks will increase component life, decrease leaks from connections and joints, and minimise maintenance costs.

Additionally, an accumulator minimises overall hydraulic-system noise levels and transfers fluid-borne noise to nearby mechanical structures, which can then reverberate. As a consequence, machines are quieter, and workers are happier.

Compensation For Leakage

Some hydraulic systems must sustain pressure and force when there is no motion or flow, such as when a loaded cylinder is held in an extended position, or a clamp is kept closed for lengthy periods. In such instances, consumers frequently turn off the system to save energy. Even if fluid slowly escapes inside past piston seals or valve clearances, an accumulator can maintain constant pressure. The pump activates and replenishes the accumulator only when the circuit pressure falls below certain levels.

Temperature Regulation

Fluctuations in hydraulic-fluid temperature can be caused by changes in ambient temperature or machine operating conditions, affecting total system pressure. An accumulator can adjust for temperature-related pressure changes in a closed hydraulic system. Accumulators reduce the effect of pressure variations by adding or removing fluid from a circuit.

Quicker Response

Bladder and diaphragm accumulators respond instantly and may rapidly provide fluid to a fast-acting servo and proportional valves, improving their performance. Accumulators can also meet peak flow requirements immediately; help maintain pressure in systems using variable-displacement pumps; and provide force compensation in continuous processes, such as rolling materials with varying working resistances, ensuring consistent output and improving productivity and quality.

Mobile Hydraulic Specialties Pty Ltd

Factory 89, 38-40 Popes Road
Keysborough, Victoria, 3173

Phone: (03) 9798-6511

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Contact Us

Mobile Hydraulic Specialties Pty Ltd

Phone: (03) 9798-6511
Address: Factory 89, 38-40 Popes Road, Keysborough, Victoria, 3173